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King Arthur

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King Arthur

Adaugat la data : 04.09.2010
Nume referat: King arthur
Categorie: Engleza
Uploader: I0nutz
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King arthur s legend arthurian legend , group of tales that developed in the dark ages concerning arthur , semihistorical king of the britons , and his knights . the legend is a complex weaving of ancient celtic mythology with later tradiditions around a core of possible historical authenticity . the earliest references to arthur found in welsh sources the poem , y gododdin c. 600 , histories written in latin , in the 9th and 10th centuries , and tales in the welsh story collection the mabinogion c. 1100 . in one of these tales arthurs wife , guinevere , and his knights kay , bedivere and gawain make their appearance . the earliestcontinuous arthurian narrative is given in the historia regum britanniae c . 1139 by the english writer geoffrey of monmouth . here arthur is identified as the son of the british king uther pentragon and his counsellor merlin is introduced . the historia mentions the isle of avalon , where arthur went to recover from wounds after his last batlle , and it tells of guineveres infidelity and the rebellion instigated by arthurs nepheww mordred . all later developments of the arthurian legend are based on geoffreys work . thus , the first english arthuurian story , in the poet layamons roman de brut 1205 is an english version of geoffreys historia . arthur os depictedas a warrion on an epic scale and the story of his magic sword excalibur , which only he could extract from a rock , is incluted for the first time . an arthurian tradition also developed in europe , probably based on stories handeddown from the celts , who migrated to brittany in the 5th and 6th centuries . by 1100arthurian romances were known as far away as italy . inspirated by chivalry and courtly love , they are more concerned with the exploits of arthurs knights than with arthur himself . the oldest of the french arthurian romances is a series of 12th century poems by chetien de troyes . one introduces lancelot , arthurs chief kni... ...


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